Who is responsible for international human rights?

The UN Security Council sometimes deals with serious human rights violations, often in conflict zones. The Charter of the United Nations gives the Security Council the authority to investigate and mediate, send a mission, appoint special envoys or request the Secretary-General to use his good offices. The Security Council can issue a ceasefire directive, send military observers or a peacekeeping force. If this is not enough, the Security Council can opt for enforcement measures, such as economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial sanctions and restrictions, travel bans, the breakdown of diplomatic relations, a blockade or even collective military action.

Different intergovernmental bodies and interdepartmental mechanisms based at United Nations headquarters in New York, as well as the Secretary-General of the United Nations, address a range of human rights issues. International human rights law (IHL) is the body of international law designed to promote human rights at the social, regional and national levels. As a form of international law, international human rights law is mainly composed of treaties, agreements between sovereign states intended to have binding legal effect between the parties that have agreed to them; and customary international law. Other international human rights instruments, while not legally binding, contribute to the application, understanding and development of international human rights law and have been recognized as a source of political obligations.

International law is a crucial aspect of human rights. Governments are in a powerful position to control the freedoms of individuals or groups, freedoms that may be more difficult to gain without international agreement and pressure. It is an international organization with legal personality recognized by public international law and has observer status with the United Nations. A more systemic perspective explains that international humanitarian law represents a function of international human rights law; it includes general rules that apply to everyone at all times, as well as specialized norms that apply to certain situations, such as armed conflicts between states and the military occupation i ) Regional systems of international human rights standards complement and complement national and international human rights standards by protecting and promoting human rights in specific areas of the world.

The principle is supported by Amnesty International and other human rights organizations, which believe that certain crimes pose a threat to the international community as a whole, and that the community has a moral duty to act. It has provided the basis for subsequent international human rights instruments that form a non-binding, but ultimately authoritarian international human rights law. There is currently no international court administering international human rights law, but there are quasi-judicial bodies under some UN treaties (such as the Human Rights Committee under the ICCPR). A number of international human rights treaties and other instruments adopted since 1945 have expanded the body of international human rights law.